Monday, January 20, 2020

The Alamo Essay -- History Texas Essays

The Alamo "To the people of Texas and all Americans in the World: I shall never surrender or retreat ... I Am determined to sustain myself as long as possible and die like a soldier who never forgets what it is due to his honor and that of his country-VICTORY OR DEATH." This was a letter sent by William Barret Travis during the siege of the Alamo on February 24, 1836. It was a cry for help to anybody and everybody willing to listen. It all started in 1830 with Stephen Austin, a leader of American pioneers in the wild, living in Texas, under the rule of the Mexican government, who had solved two major problems that the settlers had with the government. The colonist were now allowed to keep slaves in Texas, even though no other areas under Mexican rule owned slaves, and the second was the government made sure that Texans would be protected by the Mexican government from suits to collect debts that they had contracted in the United States before their immigration to Texas. All over the South were signs on bankrupt homes homes saying "Gone to Texas" were they did not have to pay off their debts . Austin and his followers were very hot tempered and ready to start up with any government that they disliked. They soon found a chance to stir up trouble under the changeable Mexican rule. Mexican authorities began to worry that too many Americans were coming into their country. About thirty thousand settlers came to Texas in a ten-year span after Austin had established his settlement. The Mexican government under the urging of President Bustamante made harsh laws against arrival of new immigrants into Texas in 1830. Trade was also restricted with America. All borders were closed to newcomers but the Louisiana border could not be patrolled and settlers continued to arrive in Texas. American settlers were put into jail for the ruckus they caused due to these new laws, among them was Stephen Austin. On July 1833 Austin traveled to Mexico City to plead the cause of the colonists. The colonists wanted to obtain full Mexican statehood and have total control over themselves. Mexican officials would not listen to the Texans. On his way home Austin was arrested for treason on January 3, 1834. The government had intercepted a letter from Austin that said that if his appeal had failed the Texans should establish themselves as a separate state of Mexico. He was j... ...their might charging at the enemy screaming " Remember the Alamo". Their incentive in winning was the one hundred and eighty deaths at the Alamo. This inner strength that they obtained from the defeat at the Alamo helped the others defeat the Mexicans and finally win their freedom from the yolk of the Mexican government and eventually being accepted as the twenty-eighth state in the United States of America. But the acceptance would not come easily. They had problems being accepted due to the fact that the ownership of slaves was considered all right in Texas but the North did not want to accept more slave states. Eventually on February 19, 1846 they were accepted as a state. I never really knew what it was before this and was always wondering why it was such an important event in Texan history. The one thing that confuses me is why the State of Texas would choose a war that they were totally destroyed in as an event that is considered greater than most other events throughout Texan history. But for one thing I truly admire Travis and his followers for fighting to the death like heroes in order to establish freedom and their rights they believed that in all truth deserved.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Vincent Tinto And Student Retention

Vincent Tinto is currently a Distinguished University Professor at the Syracuse University a position he has held since June 1998. Prior to that, he was a Professor of Education from June 1985 to June 1998 and an Associate Professor of Education since September 1975 to June 1985 at the same university. In the period September 1971 to June 1975 he was an Assistant Professor of Education in The Columbia University New York. He is also currently the chair of the Higher Education Program a position he has held since 1999. His academic background is also very impressive. He did his undergraduate studies in Fordham, The Jesuit University of New York in 1963 where he graduated with a bachelor of science in Physics and Philosophy. He went on to Rensselear Polytechnic Institute to pursue his masters’ degree in Physics and Mathematics in 1965. He holds a Ph. D. in Education and Sociology which he got from the University of Chicago in 1971. It is noted that while he was pursuing his doctorate he dropped out of school to join the Peace Corps and this may be one of the reasons why his researches major on student attrition and the ways to retain them in school. In this paper, the discussion will revolve around the arguments that he presents in the course of his numerous researches and in his body of works. The professor is of the view that to retain students in school all that the schools have to do is provide quality education. He tries to explain the reasons why students dropout of school especially after the first year of college (Tinto V. 1975). He also tries to provide the solutions that may work in retaining the students in the school especially through the provision of better and quality education to the students. This is done with the assumption that students want to be in school but other factors end up pushing them away. Looking at the way he approaches the issue, one notices that he lays most of the blame on the faculty. In his opinion, students would rather be in school but the faculty and education systems fail to meet the expectation of the students and hence their inability to continue being in school. They end up not trusting an education system that does not seem to meet the standards they expect an institution of higher learning ought to possess. The reception they get at the school also determines a lot if they will make it to the end of their course or they will drop out midway. According to Professor Tinto, there are three main factors that determine whether or not a student will complete their college education and these are â€Å"academic preparation, commitment and involvement† (Seidman A. & Tinto V. 2005). Although there are other factors, these are the ones identified as being most common among most of the cases. It has become of paramount importance for the schools to be able to retain their students because the graduation rate has become one of the factors determining the rating of a college. In order for a school to upgrade its position or maintain the one it is currently holding if it is a good position, a way has to be found to retain the students who are at risk of withdrawing from school. Professor Tinto among others have been conducting researches to determine what makes student leave school while others faced with similar problems persist. He conducts interviews using high-risk students who have succeeded in college as his subjects. He focuses mainly on those who are in the two and the four year courses and are under prepared and underrepresented in terms of college education. He tries to find out from them which factors enabled them to persist when others failed. As stated before, commitment, preparation and involvement are the key factors determining whether one will remain in school or one will quit midway. In an article he wrote with Cathy Engstrom ‘Access Without Support is not Opportunity’ (http://www. changemag. org), they give the example of Donald who dropped out of college after transferring to a different school. He is an example of students who drop out due to being disappointed by the college. He starts off college in a school where the teachers are concerned with the students’ welfare and the environment is challenging. However, due to familial problems Donald is forced to move to another college which he feels lacks in quality when compared to the previous school. Professor Tinto notes that, although in Donald’s he later went back to school, not all dropouts go back to finish their education. It has been recorded that majority of high-risk students especially those who are low-income do not complete their college education. In the case of the four year degree courses, only about 26 percent of low-income students finish in a period of six years when compared to the 56 percent of high-income students who achieve the same (http://www. changemag. org). The reason given for this is that they are academically under prepared especially because they do not have access to academic resources in a manner similar to that of the high-income students. This leads to feelings of inadequacy and helplessness among the low-income students often resulting in their dropping out of school. They tend to view the time spent in school as a waste of their time which could be used to generate income by working. This decision is made because they cannot foresee ever getting the same grades as the high-income students since they are not on the same level. This means that their lack of preparation leads to their lack of commitment to the education that they are receiving. Lack of commitment then obviously leads to very high rates of dropping out of college. To deal with this problem, the faculty has to get involved since as professor Tinto sees it they are the main perpetrators of the problem. In Donald’s case, although he had not been well prepared for college, in his first school the teachers were concerned with his welfare and hence he was able to feel welcome in that school and able to concentrate on his studies. This corresponds to the idea that student-faculty out of class contact is very important to a students’ academic growth (Tinto V. 1993). When a student feels free to approach a teacher out of class, even if he or she was not well prepared when enrolling in the college, there is a high possibility that the student will succeed. The reason given for this is that the student will be able to ask for assistance and guidance from the teachers. This assistance may be academic or personal for example in choosing a career one may be able to get the best guidance from the teachers who know which are the student’s strong and weak points. A student may also be suffering from personal problems that affect his or her academic performance and by opening up to a teacher may be able to get the extra help required for excellence in the academic field. A teacher may also be able to assist a student with required material for the class or direct the student where to get the material if they do not have it or are unable to afford (Tinto V. 1975). From his research, Professor Tinto has found out that most of the students who succeed in college yet were in danger of dropping out attributed their achievement to contact with a faculty or staff member although this was rare (Tinto V. 1975). This contact with someone affiliated to the school helped the students get into the rhythm of college life and gave them someone to approach whenever they had problems in the school. They also got a point of reference when setting their goals of what they would like to achieve since they now had real life models to emulate and learn from. The student-faculty out of class relationship is very important as it leads to various positive gains by the student thus ensuring their retention in school. The student involved in this sort of interaction feels more satisfied with the faculty and the college as he or she feels welcome in the school. They develop both personally and intellectually while gaining the ability to think critically by being constantly in the presence of someone with experience in the field. The perception that the student has of the quality of the college improves consequently leading to their improved performance and in class while raising their educational aspirations. The overall result of all this is the persistence of the student to graduate since they have dreams to achieve (Tinto V. 1975). All the above is possible because the student has become committed to the education that he or she is receiving which is one of the key factors that the professor talks about. The student feels that there is a responsibility to attain the best grade possible because there are people helping him or her and it would be wrong to let them down. Furthermore, they have their appetites for education and also betterment of their futures through the same whetted and they also feel proud of having done the best that they could. There is also a sense of not wanting to be the one who let the entire school down through bad performance and dropping out. The third key factor that the professor talks about is the importance of the involvement of the student in the school society/community. He has come up with the idea of Learning Communities which involves the participation of both the faculty and the students. These communities work in creating a sense of community in the school that helps the students feel that they belong in a society that welcomes them. These communities are not for students only but faculty members can also form their own communities that aid them in providing the best possible education to the students while making learning easier and more enjoyable for both parties (Tinto V. & Engstrom C. 2002). Learning Communities are described as teams that meet on a regular basis a number of times in a week. These teams have an agenda to improve their work for the collective betterment of the school. The members also want to improve themselves daily by engaging in discussions within the group that aid in the attainment of the schools goals and also their individual goals. This is done independent from the classroom experience which also takes place. However the classroom influences the teams because members of the same group have top have similar interests which are determined by what is done in class. In the case of students, those pursuing similar courses tend to be members of the same group because they can discuss the same things in the group and also have the same goals. The students will meet several times a week at a time convenient for all the group members’ other than class time. Their discussions will revolve around the class work and the problems each encounters when attempting the same. In case there is a major problem common to all the members they have the opportunity to get in touch with a teacher and discuss the problem and get the necessary assistance (Seidman A. & Tinto V. 2005). When it comes to the faculty members, they may decide to meet weekly or twice a month to discuss ways in which they can improve service delivery to aid the students in their education. They also offer their criticism concerning the students and try and work out which ways would be best to improve the students’ performance. They also share the common problems that they encounter when performing their duties and discuss the ways in which they can make their work easier and the best ways they can deal with the problems. It is important for both students and faculty members to be involved for the Learning Communities to work. The students have to be able to count on the teachers support when addressing their issues and know that the teacher will respond to their queries. The teachers have to be available for consultations with the students. The students must be able to find time outside class when they can meet and address their problems and discuss class work. This is when this theory meets a hurdle in its implementation because time is a rare factor in college. It is almost impossible to find the people all having some free time at the same time and if the students manage it the teachers may not be available at that particular time. In conclusion, one has to give Professor Tinto credit for the work that he has done in trying to come up with ways to deal with the problems that students encounter in their college life. He has dedicated a lot of his time to researching on how to make learning easier and pleasurable to students so as to avoid their dropping out of school. He focuses on the failure of the faculty to provide a good learning environment thus causing the students to feel that the education they are getting is not worthwhile. He shows the different ways that this can be remedied to ensure that students remain in school and get good education. From his interviews, he arrives at the conclusion that for a better learning environment to be attained the students and the faculty has to change their attitude towards learning by making the learning institutions more welcoming to students. This is done by improving the out of class faculty-student relationships which aids the students get attuned to college life. It can also be done by forming learning communities which help both the students and teachers improve the education in the school and consequently the overall grade of the school. However, as much as his arguments as very valid and his solutions reasonable there are problems that are encountered in executing them. The students and faculty members claim not to have the time to be involved in the learning communities and in the student-faculty out of class meetings. However if they were to be implemented, they would be able to work beautifully. It is however important to note that not all students will be retained since some dropout of school for other reasons different from the ones discussed by the professor but the ones discussed can be greatly reduces if the measures were to be implemented.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Perception Of Fantasies Are Never Within Line With The...

The perception of fantasies are never in line with the terms of reality. Have you ever fantasized a perception for something, but then come to find out that it was nothing compared to what you thought it actually was? An occurrence such as this exemplifies the manifestation of one of the normal aspects of life. Sometimes in life, the perception of first appearances and certain things, contradict the terms of reality. This usually takes place when the forces of adversities that we encounter cause us to perceive unrealistic fantasies. Our ultimate control powered by the tools of imagination, fuel the inclination to perceive these things. This occurrence is clearly seen in â€Å" Araby†. In the short stoThe perception of fantasies are never in line with the terms of reality. Have you ever fantasized a perception for something, but then come to find out that it was nothing compared to what you thought it actually was? An occurrence such as this exemplifies the manifestation of on e of the normal aspects of life. Sometimes in life, the perception of first appearances and certain things, contradict the terms of reality. This usually takes place when the forces of adversities that we encounter cause us to perceive unrealistic fantasies. Our ultimate control powered by the tools of imagination, fuel the inclination to perceive these things. This occurrence is clearly seen in â€Å" Araby†. In the short story â€Å"Araby† by James Joyce, the theme of the contradiction of perception by reality isShow MoreRelatedInfluences Of Disney Princesses1048 Words   |  5 Pagesby girls and often boys of all ages. The influence a Disney princess imposes on a child is based on how princesses are presented. The interest in a character, such as Cinderella, has mesmerized children as well as parents, but the perception of what is real and fantasy, creates a barrier for parents. The opportunities for children are endless and with exceptional role models, essential ly, Disney princesses are a representation of how a child should develop ambition for themselves. Absorption of theRead MoreThemes Of Death Of A Salesman1286 Words   |  6 PagesDeath of a Salesman has commonly been interpreted as an analysis of the American dream. Within the ideal American society, citizens believe that the American dream allows each individual an equal opportunity to achieve success and prosperity through hard work, determination, and initiative. According to Willy Loman, the American dream is correlated to someone’s likeability, as opposed to someone’s work ethic. The term â€Å"American dream† has become a phrase that is now attached to the play such that readersRead MoreEssay on Fantasy Orientation in Children1995 Words   |  8 PagesCreating a questionnaire to measure fantasy orientation in children is rather an interesting task. 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Using this interpretation, it can not be the Read MoreClaude Debussy Essay examples1707 Words   |  7 Pagesimpressionism even though â€Å"Debussy hated the term impressionism, particularly when used to describe his music† (Bonds). One might wonder why Debussy did not like the term impressionism when he has often been considered one of the greatest impressionistic composers of all time. Debussy â€Å"insisted he was more concerned with making something new – realities – as it were: what imbeciles call ‘impressionism’† (Bonds). Debussy was one of the few who argued this term. A sense of being right there in the momentRead MoreReality and Illusion4098 Words   |  17 PagesReality versus Illusion Texts: Life of Pi King Lear Heavenly Creatures Blade Runner Pans Labyrinth Research Questions: 1. How does each character’s situation influence their perception or ideas of reality versus illusion? 2. What are the similarities and differences between the main character’s situation in each text? 3. 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Thursday, December 26, 2019

The Cat By Tiger Analysis - 813 Words

Thomas Wolfe was an American novelist in the early twentieth century. He is known for writing on American culture and values during the period from 1920-1940. During this time period, the United States was segregated. In rural areas, segregation and racism was the greatest because of poverty. During the time Wolfe’s short story takes place, the United States was likely experiencing the Great Depression. Farming communities were particularly hurt by the depression as the Midwestern farm belt was also experiencing a drought forcing many families into bankruptcy, the loss of their farms, and a way of life. Steinbeck wrote about the drought and the plight of the farmers in his novel â€Å"The Grapes of Wrath.† Like Steinbeck, Wolfe’s â€Å"The Cat by†¦show more content†¦Although the tiger represents a magnificent creature physically because of its overall majesty, the tiger is also a very deadly creature. That point is made by Blake by referencing the lamb (Stanza 5, line 5). Blake’s poem could also be interpreted to evoke questions about the merits of social change which had just occurred in the America’s following the War of Independence with Britain and was now occurring in Europe in connection with the (very bloody) French Revolution. We also know that Blake was aware of the broader social changes taking place in England at the time with the start of the Industrial Revolution and the profound, somewhat negative changes that revolution had on the quality of life in England. Throughout the short story Wolfe makes further reference to â€Å"The Tyger† poem by describing Dick using the phrase â€Å"like a cat† or â€Å"crafty as a cat† on four occasions. See paragraphs 7, 13, 19, and 28. Another physical reference to dick (and a cat) is in paragraph 2 − â€Å"†¦ his great black paw †¦Ã¢â‚¬  and in paragraph 91 where dick’s behavior is described as â€Å"†¦ coolly poised †¦.† Later, Wolfe refers to Dick’s movements as â€Å"silent† (Paragraph 124). Perhaps the most important references by Wolfe to the Blake poem is Dick’s transformation from a mild and helpful bible-reader to a ruthless killer. Like a tiger, he canShow MoreRelatedEssay - Circus cat, alley cat828 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿English analysis – Circus cat, Alley cat The short story â€Å"Circus cat, alley cat† is written by Anita Desai and is on three pages. The short story is about Anna, a circus performer who becomes a nanny for an English family. Anna is performing with tigers and lions in an exciting show. The narrator is a child and has a wild imagination. When Anna is babysitting the children, the narrator often imagines that Anna cracks her whip, and controls the cats. 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Wednesday, December 18, 2019

The President Of The United States Essay - 1657 Words

America lies in the wake of the impending presidential election, which has been shrouded in controversy from its infancy. FBI investigations, leaked emails, private recordings, rape allegations, and indubitable untruths have plague both front-runners. Despite the foul taste left in the mouth of many Americans by Donald Trump and Hilary Clinton, they have come out victorious in their campaign to represent their respective party as the nominee for president. While it was once widely believe that the American people democratically elect the president of the United States, through current influences such as the media, internet, and growing population an exorbitant amount of Americans believe that their vote no longer counts, thus posing the question who’s really in control of the electoral process? In the past, the call to question of the integrity of the electoral processes was strictly reserved for the most devout conspiracy theorist, but with the pullulating concerns over super delegates, average sound mind Americans are not sure the full truth is being told. Has America been fed at noble lie? A simple answer yes, a more complex answer America has been fed a misconception disguised as a lie. The origins of the noble lies can be traced back to Ancient Greece, around 380 BC, where it was first written about in Plato’s The Republic. Socrates, Plato’s teacher, believed that to have an harmonious society a untruth must be told in order to invoke sentiments of patriotism amongShow MoreRelatedThe President Of The United States1532 Words   |  7 PagesThe president is the most important job in the United States. Not the ruler of the United States ,but have some power over the country. 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Currently, there is an enormous selection of individuals who peopleRead MoreThe President Of The United States777 Words   |  4 PagesThere are many flaws in the actions of the President of the United States using executive action to shape policies for the United States, but congress plays a major role in the reasons why there are so many issues pertaining to the use of executive ac tion. Another flaw is that it is not spelled out in the constitution that the president is allowed to bypass congress on any issues that are not attended to. Congress makes a huge fuss about the president executing his executive actions but congressRead MorePresident Of The United States1262 Words   |  6 PagesThe President of the United States of America is literally the most important person on this planet. Why, you may ask? Well, that’s because, he is â€Å"in charge† of the most powerful and influential country of the world. 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And as well chooses how the laws of the United States are to be enforced along with singling outRead MoreThe President Of The United States Essay1682 Words   |  7 PagesThroughout United States history, the American people voted for the President of the U.S. and for members of both chambers of Congress, and the 2016 election is not an exception. On November 9th, Donald J. Trump was declared to become the 45th President of the United States by attaining 306 electoral votes, which is clearly past the threshold of the required 270 electoral votes. However, after winning the popular vote in states Trump had won, some electors from those states have expressed their disappointmentRead MorePresident Of The United States860 Words   |  4 PagesA president of the United States must perform various roles such as, Chief Legislator, Commander in Chief, Chief Executive, Chief of State, Chief of Party, Chief Administrator, Chief Diplomat , and Chief Citizen. 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Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Part One Essay

Part One Essay- Nature Documentary Comparison I have chosen to compare and contrast an episode of Davids Attenboroughs nature documentary Planet Earth with our devised play. I believe this comparison is appropriate as both texts address the same theme- observing and analysing particular animals in their natural environment- in different ways, though sharing some similarities. Our play is a parody of Attenboroughs documentary, an idea which is reflected in the contrasting styles of the two pieces. Planet Earth has a naturalistic style, as Attenborough is playing himself and the animals are unaware of the cameras presence, creating the naturalistic style by displaying real-life situations. In contrast, our play has an extremely non-naturalistic style, with stereotypical characters- including Davie Tattenborough, a character who mimics and exaggerates Attenboroughs presenting style to comic effect. Stereotypes are used in our play to exaggerate human idiosyncrasies for comedy through the use of exaggerated gestures and facial expressions. The non-naturalistic style is used in our play to create a comic effect whereas Planet Earth uses its naturalistic style to accurately reflect the lifestyle of a particular species. Therefore, the two styles of the texts reflect their contrasting purposes. The two styles also reflect how our play is scripted whereas Attenboroughs documentary is classified as a nature programme so therefore the programme is not scripted in order to show the reality of the animals lives. However, within these contrasting styles, the texts do share some similarities. Both pieces employ direct address to the audience/camera from a presenter who does not often interact with the other characters. In our play, the characters do not acknowledge the presence of Tattenborough until briefly in the final scene of the play, and similarly in Planet Earth, the animals are usually unaware of Attenboroughs presence. One of Attenboroughs documentaries, however, (aired on the 18th February 2007) contained a rare example of Attenborough interacting with the animals when he fished for a small reptile. This similarity helps to establish our play as a pastiche of Planet Earth by immediately creating a character disconnected from the main dramatic action, as Attenborough is in his documentary. Another way to establish this, which then creates another similarity between the two pieces, is Tattenboroughs deliberate mockery of Attenboroughs performance. An example of this is when in Planet Earth, Attenborough continually hides behind bushes to avoid being noticed by his subjects. Our play mimics this habit as Tattenborough carries a small potted plant throughout the play and hides behind it in an exaggerated manner although it is clear he would not be hidden from the other characters. Therefore, the use of props is similar in both pieces and the performance of Davie Tattenborough shares many similarities to that of David Attenborough in Planet Earth. Another similarity between the two pieces is their structure. Our play reflects the structure of Planet Earth by using scenes to represent aspects of a species lifestyle (such as mating rituals, courtship, hunting gathering) just as Attenborough focuses on one aspect of a species lifestyle before moving onto the next. We deliberately used similar aspects to those which Attenborough investigates so the audience establishes our play as a parody, providing more comic opportunities. However, although both scenes are similar in structure, our play is much shorter in length than the Planet Earth documentary- twenty minutes compared to an hour. The shorter length of our play forces the action to be concentrated and condensed to that of Planet Earth. This condensed format helps to create the non-naturalistic style of the piece, however, as each scene is brought to a climax more quickly, heightening dramatic tension for the audience. .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c , .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c .postImageUrl , .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c , .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c:hover , .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c:visited , .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c:active { border:0!important; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c:active , .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ud2cc02593a6711e6de2dec5baa73023c:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: How does Charlotte Bronte prepare us for a change in Jane's life in chapter 12 of Jane Eyre EssayIn conclusion, both texts share similarities and differences as our play uses the same structure (with a similar dynamic between characters) to establish our play as a parody of Planet Earth whilst the purposes of the pieces are completely different. To achieve these contrasting purposes, our play is a subverted version of Planet Earth, contrasting naturalism to non-naturalism and reality to scripted exaggeration for comic effect.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Physical Child Abuse

Abstract Pressure on matters concerning child negligence and abuse causes great changes on subject pertaining childcare. Globally, there is great legal protection for unsympathetic cruelty by caregivers such as lack of proper provision of basic needs. Today, administrative support against child abuse and negligence is highly supported.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Physical Child Abuse specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the other hand, the issue continues to be of great controversy especially the obvious link towards outcome during adulthood. The problems associated with child abuse concerns its continual illegal and silent practice in addition to the effects caused on or by victims especially much later in their subsistence. Introduction Child abuse refers to behaviour originating from exerted force thus causing an imbalance of power. Good examples of the disparity include the adult-child relationshi ps, older and younger siblings’ interactions and the adolescent to child involvement (Crosson, 2007). Abuse causes unwilling participation in various activities unwillingly such as sexually related behaviours. Usually the child is unaware of the abuse due to the naà ¯ve state of mind or innocence. In most instances, the child is not in a position to understand the state of affairs. This paper is an analysis of the effect of physical child abuse on an adult victim as well as its implication to future societal growth. The research also presents an analysis of dominant arguments and theories for the act at certain circumstances in relation to lifestyle. Types of Abuse According to Dube et al., (2001) â€Å"Child abuse and neglect consists of any act of commission or omission that results in harm, is potential for harm, or a threat of harm to a child, even if harm was unintentional.† There are various types of child abuse classified under emotional, physical, sexual and c hild neglect. In line with Dube et al (2001), abused children generally suffer from lack of care, love and safety. Physical abuse such as beating mainly causes body harm and often leads to emotional or psychological effects such as low self esteem or introversion (Dube et al, 2001). Physical child abuse Physical abuse involves actions that cause bodily injuries on the child. These external injuries are either intentional or unintentional but with an aim of taming certain behaviour or discipline the child through physical attacks or punishments.Advertising Looking for research paper on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Types of physical abuse The most common type of physical abuse experienced by victims is corporal punishment, slapping and pinching. Physically abusive guardians justify their actions by insisting on the need to teach and emphasize discipline. They call for attention to parenting by the â€Å"spare the rod, spoil the child’ rule, but end up physically abusing instead of correcting behaviours. The main aim of disciplining is to teach the right from wrong and not instil fear and other severe emotional effects through dictatorship. One of the major elements evident in physically abused children especially as adults is unpredictability. According to Bromfield (2010), unlike the physical form of disciplining, the child is not aware of what is inappropriate according to parental guidance. Such victims live in anxiety over possibility of committing a wrong act. They are worried of engaging in a behaviour that may trigger an offence. Secondly, abuse causes a child to agonize in anger. The intensity of abuse depends on the parent’s anger. Lastly, the abuser focuses on the need to instil behaviours through fear. The severe punishments in the aim of instilling discipline are thus physical abuse. As a result, the child learns ways of avoiding the parental abuse other than acqui re good behaviours and mature as a disciplined individual through understanding. Signs of Physical Abuse There are some obvious physical signs of childhood molestation or abuse such as walking, sitting and playing difficulties due to incurred injuries. In severe cases, these injuries may cause disabilities. The abused victim gives the impression of strain during such common activities. Constant pains and physical irritation are also common long-term physical effects. Different bruises and scars marks on the victim’s body depending on the types of subjected abuse. Effects of Physical Abuse Adult victims of child abuse more prone to chronic pain and other physical health-related illness compared to the general population. Abused adult survivors of have chronic medical problems such as blood pressure, liver and heart related illnesses. In line with research carried out by Miller and Perrin (2007), abuse and neglect has major impact on the immune system thus causing higher propen sity of engaging risky behaviours, during later life spans such as drugs abuse or unprotected sexual engagements. Chronic pain disorders are also present in adulthood. Physical abuse causes violent or criminal responses. The mistreatment and neglect makes a child to form cohesive dissociate from the family and high possibility of engaging physical abuse latter in life. â€Å"Children learn various activities and they might interpret physical abuse or domestic violence as appropriate methods of resolving conflicts and responding to stressful situations (Miller and Perrin, 2007).†Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Physical Child Abuse specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This causes them to acquire and involve in criminal activities during their adulthood. In other extreme instances, abuse causes disabilities. Abuse Intervention There are various measures of intervening to prevent maltreatment and neglec t such as social support therapies or counselling sessions for those suffering from neurologically or psychologically. These cares are more efficient methods of promoting resilience especially when early abuse cases detection and mediation occurs. Conclusion Most behaviour-related problems are associable with victims of child. There are various future behavioural consequences associable with abuse such as delinquency, poor academic achievements, early pregnancy, ‘don’t-care’ attitudes, drug abuse, mental related health disorders and childhood mortality. Physical abuse also lowers the social-economic status and thus high chances of neglect or abuse due to frustrations. There are very high possibilities that abusive parent were victims of childhood neglect or abuse. Those who face abuse or neglect during childhood are likely to eventually victimize others or subject their own children to similar circumstances. This is like a system life cycle among victims. Referen ces Bromfield L. (February, 2010). Cumulative harm: the effects of chronic child maltreatment. Presentation to the Tasmanian Magistrates Conference, Hobart. Print. Crosson, C. (2007). Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect. (7th Edition). Allyn Bacon Publisher. Print.Advertising Looking for research paper on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Dube, S. R., Anda, R. F., Felitti, V. J., Chapman, D., Williamson, D. F., Giles, W. H. (2001). Childhood abuse, household dysfunction and the risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span: Findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286, 3089-3096. Miller, C., Perrin, R. (2007). Child maltreatment: an introduction. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Print This research paper on Physical Child Abuse was written and submitted by user Ivanna T. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.